An anti-apartheid activist who died in police custody 46 years ago did not commit suicide but was murdered by officers, a South African court said yesterday in a historic ruling for campaigners.
The court called for an officer involved in covering up the circumstances of the 1971 death to be investigated as an accessory to murder.
The packed courtroom in Pretoria burst into applause after the judge delivered a damning indictment of how police treated those who opposed white-minority rule.
Ahmed Timol, a 29-year-old campaigner against apartheid, was arrested in Johannesburg in October 1971.
After five days in detention, he died after plummeting from the city's police headquarters.
Officers from the feared security branch that held Timol said at the time he took his own life -- a verdict endorsed by an inquest in 1972.
But his family fought the ruling for decades and campaigned to secure the legal review, which finally began in June.
"Timol did not jump out of the window but was pushed out of the window or off the roof," said judge Billy Mothle, reading a summary of his 129-page judgement.
"Members of the security branch... murdered Timol."
The judge called for security branch officer Joao Rodrigues, who admitted helping cover up the murder, to be prosecuted.
But he acknowledged that the men who were directly responsible have since died.
Members of the South African Communist Party to which Timol belonged who were present in court shouted "Viva Ahmed Timol!" as the judge adjourned the hearing and the public gallery burst into applause.
Mothle called for families who lost relatives in circumstances similar to Timol's to be assisted in reopening their cases -- especially where suicide was recorded as the cause of death.
Between 1963 and 1990, human rights activists say 73 people died in police detention, sometimes in circumstances strikingly similar to Timol.
George Bizos, an anti-apartheid icon who was close friends with Nelson Mandela, welcomed the outcome and said the case showed that police were still unaccountable for their actions under white rule.
"I hope that what has happened today will happen again in relation to the others (who died suspiciously). Justice has a way of actually reaching the top," said Bizos, 88, who was visibly emotional during the hearing.