“I think it has to do with the prejudice many Bangladeshis hold towards Medical Science and Engineering. To most parents, success equates to you studying under those two subjects and making a profession out of it. And to do that, you have to start with Science,” says Nowrin Mahfouz*, who is studying Mechanical Engineering in a university. The rat race of chasing the engineering or medical dream is rooted so deep that many students are coerced into studying Science subjects even when they would rather study other subjects. As a result, it leads to those students doing poorly in Science subjects due to the lack of motivation and interest.
The NCTB system requires students to be enrolled into a certain discipline at the beginning of the 9th grade. Because of the previously mentioned societal obsession with Engineering and Medical Science, majority of parents push their children into choosing Science, which forces the schools to turn the whole thing into a hierarchical system where all the best students study Science, whether or not they really want to. The students taking Humanities or Commerce don't necessarily “choose” them; the reality is that they were deemed “not good enough” for Science. Maisha Imdad, a Science student in high school, has been a sufferer of this reality. She says, “I would choose Humanities or Commerce if I were allowed the option to choose. Unfortunately, after JSC results came out, all students who scored A+ in all subjects had to choose Science and I've been stuck with a discipline I don't enjoy studying.”
Many schools don't have proper facilities for accommodating Arts and Commerce students. In several cases, teachers – primarily coming from science backgrounds – who don't have adequate experience or background in these subjects are the ones who are handed the responsibility to deal with them. Mitul Anam*, a 10th grade Commerce student, says, “We don't have teachers who have specialised in the subjects that we are taught. Quite often the teacher struggles to explain the concepts clearly and the popular teaching method is that the texts are read out to us.”
Another issue that rises is the lack of proper study materials for students who want to shift to Arts or Commerce from English Version backgrounds. Science students from English Version who want to shift to Commerce or Arts often can't due to all the books being available in Bangla. Some who choose to shift anyway are compelled to study in Bangla Version and often lag behind.
Saying that this whole mess has been created because of decades of social and cultural norms, and we would have to get to the root of it, would be the easy way out. While that is true, it is also true that the educators and administrators have not done enough to fix these issues. Schools and colleges in the capital city, where the quality of education is supposedly better than everywhere else in the country, are not doing much to improve the situation. Up until 10th grade and SSC, most schools in Dhaka have a significantly low percentage of students in Commerce and the Humanities.
The situation is slightly less dire in college and HSC level, but nowhere near acceptable. Students are actively discouraged from picking Arts and Commerce over Science, but for those with the heart to do so, there isn't nearly enough practical reason that could actually validate that choice.
The effects of such disparities and crass discrimination between disciplines are very serious. We can get a good idea if we looked around. You'll come across many university students who would rather study a course related to science but can't do so because they had a bad year in 8th grade, and the option to later move to Science was taken away from them. If we looked at students at the HSC level, we would find hundreds of students struggling with Physics, Chemistry or Math because their hearts are not in it. While their passions lie in Economics or maybe Sociology, they don't take that path because choosing these subjects would seem like a daft thing to do as per society's and their respective schools' standards. A sizeable number of Business undergraduates in Bangladesh have studied Science in school, and that creates difficulties for them in getting accustomed to their coursework early on in university.
The method used to assign subjects to students in the National Curriculum needs rethinking immediately. It's rigid, discourages change of heart, and sadly fails to get the best out of the considerable talent the youth of our country hold.
*Names were changed at the request of the interviewees.