The world has undergone a major economic and political transformation in the last two decades. The changes, particularly in the South, have been more rapid than at any time during a similar span in world history. Many countries in the South have built up significant financial and technical capacities. They have begun to transfer some of these resources, on specific terms, to other countries in the South in the context of an inclusive approach to the management of various global problems.
South-South cooperation signifies cooperation and harmony among peoples and countries of the South that contributes to their national and collective well-being, self-reliance and to the attainment of internationally agreed development goals, including the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. That cooperation is realised through a broad framework of collaboration among countries of the South in the political, economic, social, cultural, environmental and technical domains.
The United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation celebrates the economic, social and political developments made in recent years by regions and countries in the south and also highlights UN's efforts to work on technical cooperation among developing countries.
Through a resolution adopted in 23 December, 2003 by the UN General Assembly, initially 19th December was decided to be celebrated as United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation. Later it was changed to 12th September.
The history of the South-South cooperation starts in 1949 with the establishment of the first UN technical aid programme by the Economic and Social Council and the creation of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 1969. 1978 denotes another important year for South-South Cooperation. In this year, the conference of the Global South was held in Buenos Aires, resulting in the adoption of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action for Promoting and Implementing Technical Cooperation (BAPA) among Developing Countries, one of the main pillars for the South-South cooperation.
2018 is going to mark the 40th anniversary of the adoption of BAPA in 1978. Therefore, the theme of the Global South-South Development Expo 2017 will be “South-South Cooperation in the Era of Economic, Social and Environmental Transformation: Road to the 40th Anniversary of the Adoption of the Buenos Aires Plan of Action”. The Expo this year will be hosted by the Republic of Turkey and will take place in Antalya from 27 to 30 November 2017.
Compiled by Law Desk (SOURCE: UN.ORG)b